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If.BE occurs, it can cause blurred vision. The FDA has approved Lucentis for macular enema and additional treatment options include Avastin and Eylea. Diabetic retinopathy die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. These are anti-VEGF Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor drugs and they target the substance in the body which is responsible for the development of blood vessels. He or she uses a lighted instrument called an ophthalmoscope. Retinopathy can also lead to glaucoma, increased pressure within the eye that can further threaten vision . And most people with type 2 diabetes will also get it. Your vision will be blurry for about a day after the procedure. Watch this video about: Diabetes – retinal conditions You have had diabetes for a long time Your blood sugar glucose has been poorly controlled You also smoke or you have high blood pressure If you already have damage to the blood vessels in your eye, some types of exercise can make the problem worse.

However, your eye doctor will closely monitor your eyes to determine when you might need treatment. When the nerve cells are damaged, vision is impaired. These tests include blood tests and measurement of blood pressure. Diabetic eye disease can lead to reduced vision and blindness. People with untreated diabetes are 25 times more at risk for blindness than the general population. In the case of hypertensive retinopathy, an ophthalmologist will look for tiny cholesterol-containing plaques in the retinal blood vessels as well as other blood vessel changes such as narrowing and thickening. This creates scars that slow the growth of new blood vessels. This is not the same problem as diabetic retinopathy. Reasonably controlled diabetes Uncontrolled diabetes can cause retinopathy, a progressive disease that can lead to complete blindness.  In the more advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, fragile new blood vessels grow around the retina and in the vitreous humour a clear substance that fills the eye.

The American Academy of Family Physicians has endorsed the guideline. “Metformin, unless contraindicated, is an effective treatment strategy because it has better effectiveness, is associated with fewer adverse effects, and is cheaper than most other oral medications,” said Nitin S. Damle, MD, MS, MACP, president. ACP.“The escalating rates of obesity in the U.S. are increasing the incidence and prevalence of diabetes substantially. Metformin has the added benefit of being associated with weight loss.” ACP updated its 2012 guideline on the comparative effectiveness and safety of oral medications for the treatment of type 2 diabetes because of several new studies evaluating medications for type 2 diabetes as well as recent FDA approvals of several new medications. “Adding a second medication to metformin may provide additional benefits,” Dr. Damle said. “However, the increased cost may not always support the added benefit, particularly for the more expensive, newer medications. no dataACP recommends that clinicians and patients discuss the benefits, adverse effects, and costs of additional medications.” Diabetes is a leading cause of death in the U.S.

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